According to the World Health Organization, tobacco use is the world’s leading cause of preventable death worldwide. Tobacco kills nearly 6 million people each year and accounts for one in 10 deaths among adults. Additionally, tobacco use contributes to 6 of the 8 leading causes of death worldwide, many of which are avoidable. An estimated $500 billion is spent each year on health care expenditures, productivity losses, fire damage and other costs due to tobacco use.
The tobacco use burden on global health is disproportionately distributed. More than half of the tobacco related deaths occur in low and middle income countries. Two thirds of tobacco use is attributable to just 10 countries: China, India, Indonesia, Russia, USA, Japan, Brazil, Bangladesh, Germany and Turkey. Asia Pacific is responsible for 60% of all tobacco use. Worldwide, more men smoke than women at a ratio of 4 to 1; however, increasingly more women are becoming smokers. As a result, many households are exposed to secondhand smoke, which is responsible for 600,000 more deaths annually – a quarter of which are children.
Less than 10% of the world’s population lives in countries that fully protect citizens with key tobacco control policies. Tobacco use killed 100 million people in the 20th century and, if current trends persist, tobacco will kill one billion people in the 21st century.
- World Health Organization—Tobacco Free Initiative (TFI)
WHO created the TFI in 1998 to focus international attention, resources, and action on the global tobacco epidemic.
- World Health Organization—Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)
WHO FCTC is an international, evidence-based treaty negotiated under WHO that was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic.
- CDC—Global Tobacco Control
The CDC’s Global Tobacco Surveillance System Data (GTSSData) houses and displays data from four tobacco-related surveys conducted around the world.
- World Lung Foundation (WLF)
WLF works to improve the lives of individuals across the world by strengthening community capacity to prevent and manage lung disease.
- International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
The Union brings innovation, expertise, solutions and support to address lung disease and tuberculosis in low- and middle-income populations.
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids is a leading force in the fight to reduce tobacco use around the world.
- The Institute for Global Tobacco Control at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
- The Global Smokefree Partnership (GSP)
GSP is a global partnership dedicated to promoting effective smoke-free air policies worldwide.
- International Network of Women Against Tobacco
- WHO Fact Sheet on Tobacco
- WHO 10 Facts about Global Tobacco Control
- Toll of Tobacco Around the World
- Global Tobacco Research
- World Bank—Tobacco Control
- The Global Tobacco Treaty
- UN Targets on Health Risk Factors Can Prevent 37 Million Deaths by 2025 new
- Cigarette Prices and Smoking Prevalence After a Tobacco Tax Increase – Turkey, 2008 and 2012 new
- A Half Century of Avoidable Death: A Global Perspective on Tobacco in America New
- CDC Morbidity and Mortality Report: Health-Care Provider Screening for Tobacco Smoking and Advice to Quit – 17 Countries, 2008-2011
- A Survey of Tobacco Dependence Treatment Guidelines in 121 Countries
- A Survey of Tobacco Dependence Treatment Services in 121 Countries
- The Tobacco Atlas 4th Edition
- WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2011
- WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
- Protecting Against Tobacco Industry Interference: 2010 Global Tobacco Treaty Action Guide
- Taxation of Cigarettes in the Bloomberg Initiative Countries
- Cigarette Package Health Warnings—International Status Report
- How Do You Sell Death?
- Lessons Learned Globally: Secondhand Smoke Mass Media Campaigns