Behavioral Health

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Behavioral Health


Individuals who live with mental illness and/or substance abuse disorders are twice as likely to smoke as other people and consume 31 percent of all cigarettes smoked in America. When seeking mental health treatment, heavy smokers report substantially poorer well-being, greater symptom burden, and more functional disability compared to non-smokers. Individuals with mental health conditions should be asked if they are smokers and advised to quit, and identified smokers should have smoking cessation integrated into their overall treatment plan.

Web Resources

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    The CDC provides information, statistics and resources to support both patients and health professionals dealing with smoking and mental illness.
  • Smoking Cessation Leadership Center (SCLC)
    SCLC builds partnerships between behavioral health and tobacco cessation services to increase nicotine dependence treatment resources in communities.
  • Tobacco Cessation Leadership Network (TCLN)
    TCLN’s “Bringing Everyone Along” project provides resources to assist health professionals adapt their treatment services to the unique needs of tobacco users with mental health and substance use disorders.
  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)
    The NAMI Hearts & Minds program is an online, interactive, educational initiative promoting smoking cessation and other healthy choices for those who live with mental illness.
  • National Behavioral Health Network (NBHN)
    NBHN serves as a resource hub for organizations, healthcare providers, and public health professionals seeking to eliminate tobacco use and cancer disparities among individuals with mental illnesses and addictions.


Fact Sheets